Ern skeletons in the PACEA laboratory collection and following the information of body mass from [29].Quaternary 2021, 4, 38 Quaternary 2021, four, x FOR PEER REVIEW3 of 19 3 ofFigure 1. Location on the three collection places in the studied Tyto insularis pellets from the island of Dominica. Photographs: B. Figure 1. Place on the 3 collection regions with the studied Tyto insularis pellets from the island of Dominica. Images: Angin. B. Angin.Whole pellets and bulk material were collected on the ground in nests (Grand Bay, The identification of squamate species is based on the morphology of each cranial and Canefield) or under roosts (Salisbury). Only pellets were deemed within the present study. post-cranial elements. This approach was LLY-283 Purity & Documentation carried out making use of comparative skeletons in the whole pellets had been isolated inside a bag marked with a distinct quantity. Every single bag was modern day osteological collections (PACEA UMR 5199, Universitde Bordeaux; Mus m then prepared individually: the pellets have been soaked in water as well as the bones very carefully ex national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris) and published osteological criteria [30,31]. tracted with fine pliers. The bones were then dried and packed in individually marked For all taxa, the amount of Identified Specimens (NISP) was offered, plus the Minimum tubes in order that every single bone may very well be crossreferenced to the pellet from which it came. Quantity of People (MNI) was calculated based around the most abundant element for every single taxon and for each web-site (mostly mandibles/dentaries, but also long bones in some circumstances). two.two. Prey Identification 2.3. Taphonomic Analysis Bat and rodent species had been identified by way of size and morphology of skulls,The 4 faunal groups we thought of (bats, rodents, birds and squamates) had been mandibles and postcranial components, thanks to data from the literature [13,247] and effectively represented inside the 3 studied samples, which allowed us to perform a multi-taxa contemporary osteological collections (PACEA UMR 5199, Universit de Bordeaux; Mus m taphonomic evaluation. We tried to adapt the classical techniques of analysis to ensure that they have been national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, France). The body mass was estimated in accordance with applicable to and comparable for all taxa (for instance, we did not take into consideration digestion [28]. on teeth, mainly because this really is not applicable to birds and since the digestion patterns are Bird remains were not identified at the species level, Bevacizumab Purity primarily on account of a lack of suitable very various in between mammals and squamates). Only pellets were studied, and also the reference collection, but in addition as a result of unawareness of osteological characters allowing bulk material was not regarded. The analyses have been performed pellet by pellet, but in to recognize small Passeriformes, particularly when the preservation state from the material this study we present the results as a entire for the reason that that is closer to what’s found in the prevents the observation of peculiar anatomical criteria. Even so, we observed that the fossil and sub-fossil record. To reach a sufficient sample size for the analysis to be relevant majority of the birds belong to little Passeriformes, followed by uncommon hummingbirds and we had to pool collectively the Dove, Columbina passerina. Bird remains think about achievable a single Prevalent Ground data in the three web-sites, and we did not had been assigned to site-specific taphonomic characteristics. size/weight classes (see infra) utilizing some modern skeletons in the.